Photo of Milford Sound in New Zealand

Dec 5, 2015

Web 26 Anniversary

http://www.aluth.com/2015/12/web-26-anniversary.html
f,dal jHma; cd,fha rc; chka;sh¡

yeuodu Tn fjkqfjka w¨;a ;dlaIKsl ,sms f.k Mk wms wo yÿkajd fokafka wka;¾cd,fha fjí Wm; .ekhs¡


jir
1989 ud¾;= 12  jeksod ì%;dkH cd;sl mß.Kl úoHd áï n¾ki¾ ,S úiska m¾fhaIK m;%sldjla m%isoaO lrk ,os¡ f;dr;=re l<ukdlrK fhdackdj,sh ( Information Management - A Proposal ) kï Mu ,shú,a, fM;sydisl ,shú,a,ls¡ f,dal jHdma; cd,h;a,f,dj m<uq fjí n%õirh;a ks¾udKh lrkakg fuu m¾fhaIK f;dr;=r uQ,sl jQjd muKla fkdj f,dal áï n¾k¾ia ,S b;sydi .; lrkakgo Mhu fya;= jqKs¡ Mkï wka;¾Pd,fha jvd;a ckm%shu Wm fldgi fjk f,dal jHdma; cd,h ìysù jir 26 ls¡



weußldfõ ueipqfiÜia ;dlaIK ;dlaIK wdh;kfhao Mx.,ka;fha ioïgka úYaj úoHd,fhao uydpd¾hjrfhl= f,i jev l< Y%su;a áï n¾k¾ia ,S wka;¾cd,fha
 ;dlaIKsl m%ñ;s idok j¾,aâ jhsâ fjí (www) fldkafidaáhï wdh;kfha m%Odkshdh¡



 

fM;sydisl fidhd .ekSu¡

wka;¾Pd,h hkq mß.Kl cd,j,ska ieÿKq úYd, cd,hla nj oksuq¡ Mh 1969 mgkau f,dal m%lg úoHd.drj, jev l< w;f,diaila m¾fhaIlhska úiska Ndú;d l< fuj,uls¡ Mh f;dr;=re yqjure fjkafka fâgd.a?ï (datagram) fyj;a melÜ jYfhks¡ fâgd.a?ï yeisfrkafka ,shqï ljrhl nydÆ ,shqula fuks ,shqu ;emEf,ka hk úg Mh ldgj;a n,kakg neßh ,shqu lvd Mh n,kakdla fuka fâgd.a?ï l%ufhka hjk f;dr;=re f.dkak újD; fjkafka Mh b,a,d isá mßYS,lhd mdúÑÑ lrk mß.KfhaoSh¡ Ma lshkafka fâgd.a?uh w;rueo ;ekkloS újD;ùula ke;s ksid cd,fha we;s mß.Klhla fj; fú.fhka fhduq ¡  

D
atagram
Network
.


áï  n¾k¾ia ,S ish  m¾fhaIK m;%sldfjka fhdackd lf<a m¾fhaIlhska w; ;snq wk.s fuj,u idudkH mß.Klj,oS;a Ndú;d l< yels kj  ;dlaIKhla l%shdfú fhdojkakgh¡ Ma wkqj wka;¾Pd,fha fjí msgq fmkajk fjkuu fldgila f,i f,dal jHdma; cd,h (www - world wide web) ìys lsßu fhdackd lr, Bg WÑ; ;dlaIKh  fidhd .;af;a h¡ f,dal jHdma; cd,fha we;s fjí msgq ilia lrk úfYaI NdIdj (HTML - hypertext mark up language) úúO mß.Kl NdIdj,ska ,shd we;s fjí msgq fmdÿ m%ñ;shlg f.k Mk  fm%dfgdflda,h (http - hyper - text transfer protocol) iy html wkqj ,shQ fyda http yryd fjí msgqjlg f.kd fyda f;dr;=re cd,fhka fidhd .ekSl%uho (url - universal resource locator) fhdackd lrk ,os¡
¡
  lghq;=j,ska miqj 1990 foieïnrfha  oS fjí n%õirhla fyj;a fjí msgq mß.Kl ;srfhka fmkajk uDÿldx.hla o áï n¾k¾ia ,S úiska ks¾udKh lf<ah¡ f,dj m%:u fjí n%õirh jQ Mh 1991 fmnrjdß jeksod ýkSj kqjr i¾ka (CERN - Europian Organisation for Nuclear Research) wdh;kfha m¾fhaIlhskag ,ndÿKs¡

úúO udos,sfha f,aLk
(differerent documents) Mlsfkl nkaO lrkakg fhdod .kakd ;dlaIKsl l%uhg lshkafka yhsm¾fglaiaÜ lshdh¡ l%uh l,ska fidhdf.k ;snQ Mlla jqjo mß.Kl Mlsfkl iuÕ iïnkaO fldg f,dalõ jHdma; cd,h ks¾udKh lrkakg yhsm¾fglaiaÜ l%uh yevjev lf<ao áï  n¾k¾ia ,S úiskau óg wjqreÿ úis yhlg l,sks¡

¡
f,dalhdg l< n,mEu¡                
               
              Mod mgka wo olajd f.ù .sh lshk wjqreÿ úis yh ld,h ;=< f,dal jH
dma; cd,h f,dalhdg fld;rï  n,mEï fldg ;sfnkafkao lshd fmkajkakg ;sfnk fyd|u l%uh wo idudkH Ôú;h mj;ajd f.k hkakg w;HjYH jev w;ßka  fldmuK Majd f,dal  jHdma; cd,h yd ne|S ;sfío hkak úuid ne,Suhs¡



¡
wo
f,dal ck.ykh fldaá
700 ls¡ ck.ykfhka iEu ish fofkl=f.kau 40 fofkla wka;¾cd,h Ndú;d lr;s¡ hqfrdamh ;ksj .;a úg Ndú;dj 75 ls¡ wdishdw.h ishhg 32 ls¡ wm%sldfõ 16 ls¡

¡
¡

fufia f,dal
jHdma; cd,h jHdma; cd,h;a iuÕ neoS isák fikÕg bka jQ n,mEu ksid wo f,dalhg w¨;a ck lKavdhula ìysj isákafkah¡ ck lKavdhu rgla ksfhdackh lrkafka Ma rg äðg,a rgls¡ Ma ksid Ma rfá mqrjeishd äðg,a mqrjeisfhla fjkafkah¡
¡



 
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