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Jun 27, 2014

Learn English in sinhala - lesson 04

http://www.aluth.com/2014/06/English-Learning-lesson-04.html
Tkak wo;a iqmqreÿ mßÈ w¨‍;a'com bx.%Sis mdvu f.kdjd' miq.sh mdvï jf.au fï mdvu;a fydÈka n,d .kak' fo;=ka mdrla yß lshj,d yß wjfndaOfhka hq;=j'

wo wms bf.k .kafka ;j;a ir, English  mdvula' ta ;uhs Auxiliary verbs

wms jdlH ,shoa§ fïjd wksjd¾hfhkau ´ks' ta ksid fïjg wms helping verbs" helper verbs lsh,;a lshkjd' wms m%:ufhka n,uq Auxiliary verbs lshkafka fudkjo lsh,d'
Definition (f;areu) = wka;¾jdlHhl jhdlrkuh f;areula fyda lD;H;aul ^functional& f;areula tl;= lsÍug fhdod .kakd jpk fufia yÿkajhs' jHldrkuh f;areula lsh, uka woyia lf¾ ld,fNaoh" o¾Ykh" m%ldr;dj" iajrh jeks foaj,a lshjkakg f;areï .kakkï wksjd¾hfhkau Auxiliary verbs wjYHuhs lshk tlhs' ks;ru fuh Ndú; lrkafka main verb tl;a tlaluhs'

wms WodyrK álla n,uq'


BE, DO, HAVE 
lshkafka fmdÿ Auxiliary verbs 3la'

1)  I am leaving =  leaving  lshkafka main verb tl am lshkafka Auxiliary verb tl. 
2)  She has arrived = arrived lshkafka main verb tl , has lshkafka Auxiliary verb tl.
3)  Do you smoke =  smoke lshkafka main verb tl , Do lshkafka Auxiliary verb tl.

DO / DOES / DID
DO  lshk tl wms fmdÿfõ m%Yak yokak;a jdlHl ke; hk w¾:h fok jdlH yokak;a fhdod .kakjd' DO yd DOES lshk foflau w;S; ld, iajrEmh fmkaùug DID fhdod .kakjd' fïjd kï bf.k .kak mq¿jka fjkafka WodyrK j,skau ;uhs¡ uka WodyrK lshkakï' Thd,d f;areï .kak fo;=kajrla lshj,d¡

j‍‍hjyrfha mj;akd jdlHh
( in statements )
  • I do my homework.
  • You do the laundry.
  • We do the washing up 
  • They do yoga.
  • He does the work
  • She does the cleaning.
m%Yak weiSfï§' ( in Questions )

1) Do I know you ?
2) Do you live here ?
3) Do we have time ?
4) Do they come from Vietnam ?
5) Does she drive the car ?
6) Does he cook the meal ?

ke; hk w¾:h fok jdlH j,§ ( in Negative form )
  • I do not ( I don’t)
  • You do not (You don’t)
  • She does not ( She doesn’t)
  • They do not ( They don’t)

Be = is, am, are, was, were

Be lshk jpkh Auxiliary verb  tlla fukau main verb  f,i;a wmsg fhdod .kak mq¿jka' Be lshk tl Passive Voice jdlH ;ekSug;a fhdod .kak mq¿jka '

is lshk jpkh oeka isÿ fjk fohla úia;r lrkak;a wkd.f;a§ wksjd¾fhka isÿ fjk fohla .ek lshkak;a fhdod .kak mq¿jka' are   lshk Auxiliary verb  tl fhdod .kafka they" we  iu.hs. am yd is lshk fofla w;S;h ioyd was fhdod .kakjd. you" we iy they lshk subject j,§ wms were Ndú;d lrkjd'



j‍‍hjyrfha mj;akd jdlHh ( in statements )
1) You are Sri Lankan / you were my best friend
2) We are waiting  / we were waiting
3) They are excited  / they were excited
4) He / she is cool  / he/ she was cool



m%Yak weiSfï§' ( in Questions )
1) Am I in the right place ?
2) Are you my new boss ?
3) Are we nearly ?
4) Are they the best players in the team ?
5) Is She / He is old enough ?


ke; hk w¾:h fok jdlH j,§ ( in Negative form )
  • I am not ( I aren’t) / I was not ( I wasn’t)
  • You are not (You aren’t)
  • We are not (We aren’t)
  • They are not ( They aren’t) / They were not ( They weren’t)
  • He / She is not ( He / She isn’t)
6      
Have = Has / Had
  • Have Ndú;d lrkafka Present perfect tense j,g.
  •  Has Ndú;d lrkafka tal jpk tajdg.
  •  Had  Ndú;d lrkafka Past perfect tense j,g

j‍‍hjyrfha mj;akd jdlHh ( in statements )
  • I have a dog 
  • You have a girlfriend
  • They had a journey
  • He / She has a dog
  • Kamal had a problem

ke; hk w¾:h fok jdlH j,§ ( in Negative form )
  • I have not ( I haven’t)
  • We had not ( We hadn’t)
  • She has not
  •  He had not
  • They have not

wks;a Auxiliary verbs lsysmhla kï Can Could May Might Must Ought Should Would' fïjg wms Modal Verbs lsh,;a lshkjd' fïjd wms Ndú;d lrkafka wjYHfhka l< hq;a;la" l<yels foahla$ úh yels ^ Possibility &" wjYH;djla ^ Necessity & fmkaùughs'

1) Jack is late , he might be sleeping. ( úh yels )
2) I should clean my room today. ( wjYHfhka l< hq;a;la )
3) I must wear a tie to school. ( wjYH;djla )

wo mdvu álla wudrehs jf.a ysf;hs t;a wudre kE' Tkak jdlH ,shk uq,O¾u lshd ÿkak lsh, ys;kak tmd' wms All Tenses miafia bf.k.uq' Thd,g fuu mdvï ud,dfõ§ f;afrkafka ke;s hï .eg¿jla tfyu ;sfhkï my;ska odkak;a mq¨‍jka'

wog mdvu wjidkhs
. Goodbye Friends !

 
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