Jul 1, 2014

Learn English in sinhala - lesson 08


hd¨‍jfka wms wo;a W.kajkafka Tenses
wo wms bf.k .kafka Present Continuous Tense


Present Continuous Tense
j,g ;j;a kula kï Present Progressive Tense fuu Tense tfla f;areu lsõfjd;a j¾;udkfha wms lrk" isÿ fjñka mj;sk l%shd úia;r lrkak fhdod .kak mq¿jka¡
f,dl= lr n,kak j.=j u; click lrkak'

Table tflka  Thd,g fmkajkafka ^ fld< mdáka &  ks;ru Simple present tense tlal fhfok jpk' Bg miafia  ;Srefõ ;sfhkafka Simple present tense j,  uses' Bg miafia ;sfhkafka fhfok úÈh yd WodyrKhs' we;af;kau lsõfjd;a wms l;d lrk fudfydf;a fjk tajd ioyd fuh fhdod .kak ksid" ta ;rï  fohla ke'

uu lrkjd kï  AM " Tyq  $ weh $  ;ks mqoa.,fhla lrkjdkï IS " nyq rEm subject tlla kï ARE oeïu' verb tlg ing tl;= lrd' wms fïjfha uses .sh mdvu jf.a fjk fjku point form  tflkq;a bf.k .uq'


1)' oeka lrk fohla lSug  ^Now&

 



w;sYhskau fï fudfydf;a ^ at this very moment & isÿ jk fyda fkdjk tajd úia;r lsÍug fhdod .efka'

උදාහරණ වලින් තේරුම් ගන්න,

  • You are learning English now.
  • You are not swimming now.
  • Are you sleeping?
  • am sitting.
  • am not standing.
  • Is he sitting or standing?
  • They are reading their books.
  • They are not watching television.
  • What are you doing?
  • Why aren't you doing your homework?

2). §¾.ld,Sk lghq;a;la ioyd oekauu iqodkï ùu fu;=,ska úia;r lrkak mq¿jka' ^Longer Actions in Progress Now&

ta lshkafka hd¨‍jkS wms wo fydÈka bf.k .kakjd fodia;r flfkla fjkak' iuyrúg tfyu fkdfjkak;a mq¿jka ' kuq;a wms oeka lrkjfka " ta ksid fï jf.a tajd  Express lrkak Present Continuous  j,ska mq¿jka'

WodyrK j,ska f;areï .kak"
  • am studying to become a doctor.
  • am not studying to become a dentist.
  • am reading the book Tom Sawyer.
  • am not reading any books right now.
  • Are you working on any special projects at work?
  • Aren't you teaching at the university now?

3). wkd.;;a fkdjk j¾;udk;a fkdjk lreKq lSug fhdod .kak mq¿jka ( Near Future )


WodyrK j,ska f;areï .kak"
  • am meeting some friends after work.
  • am not going to the party tonight.
  • Is he visiting his parents next weekend?
  • Isn't he coming with us tonight?

4). kej; kej; fjk l%shd yd" ALWAYS yd CONSTANTLY jf.a jpk fhdod .kak úg;a wms Present Continuous Tense Use lrkjd
 


  • She is always coming to class late.
  • He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up.
  • I don't like them because they are always complaining.

Tkak wo mdvu fu;kska bjrhs' wksjd¾h‍fhka f;afrkafka ke;s ;eka fo;=kajrla lshjkak' Tfí woyiao my;ska odkak¡

 
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