Jan 18, 2016

Microsoft 30th Anniversary

http://www.aluth.com/2016/01/microsoft-30th-anniversary.html
úkafvdaia j,g wjqreÿ 30 la imqrhs¡

uhsfl%dfid*aÜ iud.u íys jQfha, woska jir 40 lg l,ska tkï 1975 oS ì,a f.aÜia iy fmda,a we,ka hk ñ;=rka f.a jEhfuks¡


tl, uyckhdg Ndú;d l< yels mß.Kl fyj;a uhsfl%d fldïmshqg¾ ( Micro Computer ) .ek wid ;snqfKa mjd iqM msßils¡ ì,a f.aáia iy fmda,a we,ka ta .ek oek yqka w;f<diai w;r isá úYaj úoHd,fha wOHdmkh w;r uÕ kj;d oeuQ fï fofokdu, idudkH uyckhd fj; mß.Kl hka;% ióm lrjkakg iud.ula wdrïN úh¡
¡

uhsfl%d fldïmshqg¾ i|yd uDÿldx. fyj;a fid*aÜfjhd ;ekSu fuu iud.fï wruqKh hk f;areñka tu iud.u uhsfl%dfid*aá (Micro-Soft) f,i kñ lf<ah¡ fuu fmdä iud.fï f,dl= n,dfmdfrd;a;=j jQfha f,dj iEu ksjilgu iEu fïihla u;gu fvialafgdma mß.Klhla f.k tauhs¡

uhsfl%dfid*aÜ iud.u hgf;a fï wh 1980 jk f;lau úúO mß.Kl jevigyka ilid w;ayod n,ñka isáhy¡ tajd úl=Kkakg wf,úlrefjla jYfhka, ydjâ úYaj úoHd,fha ñ;=frlajQ iaàú ne,au¾ leu;s lrjd .;s¡ w¨;a mß.Kl jevigykla ieliSfï fldka;rd;a;=jla whsîtï (IBM) mß.Kl iud.fuka ,nd .;af;a bka miqjh¡ ì,a f.aÜia iuÕ fmda,a we,ka tu jevigyk ieliSu wdrïN lf<ah¡ tu jHdmD;sh fpia (Chess) hk fla; kdufhka ye|skaùh¡

whsîtñ iud.fï fldka;rd;a;=j 1981 oS uhsfl%dfid*aÜ iud.u úiska iñmQ¾K lr fok ,os¡ tu jevigyk ye|skajQfha uhsfl%dfid*aÜ äiala Tmf¾áx isiagñ (Microsoft Disk Operating Systems) lshdh¡ tu jpkj, uq,a wl=re tla lr th MS-DOS (tñtia-fvdia) lshd ye|skaúK¡ tñtia fvdia fufyhqñ moaO;sh iys; whsîtñ fvialafgdma mß.Kl 1981 oS fjf<|fmd<g wdfõh¡
 

uhsfl%dfid*aÜ iud.iu ks¾ud;Dka jk ì,a f.aáia iy fmda,a we,ka 1981 oS Mjg fmkS isá ft;sydisl Pdhd?mh fuys uq,ska oela¡ fujeksu W!rejlska hq;=j ì,a f.aáia iuÕ fmda,a we,ka 2013 wfm%a,a 02 jeksod w¨;a PdhrEmhlg fmkS isáhy¡ ta fmda,a we,ka ish Ok mß;Hd.fhka mj;ajd f.k hk weußldisheg,a kqjr msysá ,súx fldñmshqg¾ ñhqishñ (Living Computer Museum) flD;=ld.drfhaoSh¡


tñtia-fvdia fufyhqï moaO;sh ld¾hlaIu jqj;a, th idudkH uyckhdg fyd|gu lságq tlla fkdjk nj ljqre;a oek isáhy¡ úOdk fla; (DOS Commands) ghsma lr jev .; hq;= jQ neúks¡ tneúka fu;ekska tydg fuu uDÿldx.h oshqKq l< hq;= n, ì,a f.aáia iy fmda,a we,ka l,amkd lr tys jev wdrñN lf<ah¡ tys m%;sM,h f,i Tjqyq w¨;a mß.Kl fufyhqñ moaO;shla ;ekSh¡ 1985 fkdjeñn¾ 20 jeksod, tkñ yßhgu woska jir 30 lg l,ska úkafvdaia 1.0 hk kñka th fjf<| fmd<g ksl=;a lf<ah¡
¡
úkafvdaia 1.0 fufyhqñ moaO;sfhaoS fvdia ludkaâ ,súh hq;= fkdúKs¡ th l%shd;aul lrjkakg t;rñ ckm%sh fkdjq Wmdx.hla jk ujqih fhdod .; hq;= jqKs¡ iEu lghq;a;lau fjka fjka ial%Skaj,oS l< yels jqKs¡ fuu ial%Ska yßhg cfka, fuks¡ fufia cfka, (Windows) jeks ial%Skaj,g uq,a ;ekla fuu jevigyfkaoS ,efnk ksid l,ska thg ÿka bkagf*aia uefkac¾ hkak úkafvdaia lshd fjkia flßK¡ th ì,a f.aáiaf.a woyils¡

úkafvdaia 1.0 fufyhqñ moaO;sh¡


fufia úkafvdaia 1.0 fufyhqñ moaO;sh ksl=;a l<od mgka f.jqKq 30 jir ;=< úkafvdaia fufyhqñ moaO;sh ixialrK 09 la ksl=;a fldg ;sfí¡ ta ish,a,gu uÕ mEÿ úkafvdaia fufyhqñ moaO;sh miq.sh oYl ;=k uq¨,af,a oshqKq jq wdldrh .ek úia;rh yqfola tla;rd fjf<| iud.ul mßkduh lshdmdkakla fkdfõ¡ th iudcfhka fndfyda wE; ;snQ ;dlaIKsl WmlrKhla tosfkod Âú;hg w;HjYH idudkH Wm lrKhla njg mßkduhjq wdldrh lshdmdk ft;sydisl úia;rhls¡

woska ;sia jirlg l,ska fïihla u; yqol,dj ;snQ mß.Kl wo wka;¾cd,h yryd f,dj fkdfhla Wmdx. iy fiajd ia:dk iuÕ Pd,.;j ;sfí¡ ujqifhka yeisrjQ fvialafgdma mß.Kl wo weÕs,af,ka yiqrejk cx.u gÑ ial%Ska fudnhs,a mß.Kl olajd fjkiaj f.disks¡


uhsfl%dÑma,.%/*sla ldä iy fjk;a oDvdx.j, ;dlaIKh óg 30 jirlg l,ska ;snqKdg jvd yd;amiskau fjkiaj ld¾hlaIuj ;sfí¡ iudc wdl,am Wvq hál=re ù ;sfí¡ tod ;snQ fjf<o jHdmdr fndfyduhla iajNdúl urKh w;a fldg f.k ;sfí¡ tfy;a fï ish¨ úm¾hdi iuÕ fyd|ska .e<fmñkao, tajdg ffO¾hh iy wksjd¾h há;, myiqlu fjñkao úkafvdaia fufyhqï moaO;sh wog;a úrdcudk fjhs¡ wo f,dj iEu mß.Kl oyhlska kjhlu ;sfnkafka ljr fyda úkafvdaia fufyhqñ moaO;shls¡

úkafvdaia fvdia isg wo úkafvdaia 10 olajd meñKs fufyhqï moaO;s j, fmkqu iy jev my;ska n,kak¡


 
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