Jul 8, 2014

Learn English in sinhala - lesson 14

http://www.aluth.com/2014/07/English-Learning-lesson-14.html
Thd,g fgkafiia bf.k f.k Boring fj,do @ wms oeka ál ojil boka Tenses .ekufka lsh,d ÿkafka' ta;a b;ska mdvula u. yer,d hkak jqjukd kE' wms ish,a,u bf.k .uq'


wo wms Past Perfect Continuous ke;fyd;a Past Perfect Progressive Tense tl bf.k .uq'


wms fïl Use lrkafka w;S;fhau mgka wrka w;S;fhau hï lsis ld, iSudjlg miq bjr fjk fohla lSughs' ( to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past ) t;fldg wmsg fukak fï jf.a jpk use lrkjd' For five minutes, for two weeks etc.

fï fÜn,a tl n,kak'

Th fld< mdáka ;sfhkafka Bfha jf.au Past Perfect Continuous Tense  wÿr.kak mq¿jka jpk álla' Bg miafia  ;Srefõ ;sfhkafka Past Perfect Continuous Tense j, uses' Bg miafia ;sfhkafka  fhfok úÈh yd WodyrKhs'wms fïjfha uses fjk fjku point form  tflkq;a bf.k .uq'


01).
w;S; ld, jljdkqjla ms,snoj lSug' ( Duration Before Something in the Past )





WodyrK j,ska f;areï .kak"
 
  • They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived. - fgdaks tkak l,ska mhlg jvd thd,d l;d lrñka isáhd'
  • She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business. - weh tu wdh;kfha jir 3la ú;r jev lrñka isáhd " tu wdh;kh jykak fjoa§ hk w¾:h'
  • How long had you been waiting to get on the bus? - fldÉpr fj,d n,ka bÈho nia  tlg k.skak @
  • Mike wanted to sit down because he had been standing all day at work. - uhslag jd§ ùug Wjukd Wkd uq¿ ojfiu ysgf.k ysáh ksid'

 2). fya;=ka bÈßm;a lsÍug. (Cause of Something in the Past)

w;S; isÿùulg fmr fuu fgkafia tl Ndú;fhka  fya;=ka bÈßm;a lsÍu myiq fõ. Using the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect.

WodyrK j,ska f;areï .kak"

  • Jason was tired because he had been jogging. -   jason f.dvla uykaisfhka ysáfha" ÿjkak .sh ksid'
  • Sam gained weight because he had been overeating. - iEï f.dvla uy;a fj,d" thd f.dvla ldmq ksid'
  • Kelum failed the final test because she had not been attending class. - le¿ï únd.h wiu;a Wkd" th mka;s .sfha ke;s ksid'
Tkak hdÆjfka wo ;j iqn wdrxÑhl=;a ;shkjd' wms oeka Thd,g f.dvdla fgkaiia lshd ÿkakfka" fyáka fgkaiia mdvu  bjrhs' tfykï ó,. mdvñka uqK.efiuq' Goodbye Friends.


 
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