Jul 4, 2014

Learn English in sinhala - lesson 11

http://www.aluth.com/2014/07/English-Learning-lesson-11.html11 fjks bx.%Sis mdvuhs bf.k .kak yokafka'

wo wms Present Perfect Tense bf.k .uq' fï ud;Dldj hgf;a wms bf.k .kafka wúksYaÑ; w;S;fha§ isÿjQ foaj,a l;d lrkakhs'



u;l ;shd .kak fï Tense tfla§ wmsg Ndú;d lsÍug fkdyels jpk álla ;shkjd' tajd ;uhs yesterday Bfha" one year ago jirlg fmr" last week .sh i;sfha " when I was a child uka fmdä ldf,a§" when I lived in Japan uka cmdfka boaÈ" at that moment ta fj,dfõ" that day ta ojfia" one day tl ojila¡ ta  jf.a jpk fyda lsishï ld,hla fmkajk jpk fuys§ fhdod .kak neye'

ta  jf.au wúksYaÑ; ld,h fmkajkak Ndú;d lrkak mq¿jka jpk áll=;a ;shkjd' ta jd kï  ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet. jdg isxy, f;areu wudrehs hdÆjfka' fudlo fhdod .ekSu;a tlal fjkia fjk ksid '

fï fÜn,a tl n,kak'
f,dl= lr,d n,kak Table tl u; click lrkak'

Th fld< mdáka ;sfhkafka miq.sh mdvfï jf.au
Present Perfect wÿr.kak mq¿jka jpk álla' Bg miafia ;Srefõ ;sfhkafka Present Perfect tense j, uses. Bg miafia ;sfhkafka fhfok úÈh yd WodyrKhs' wms fïjfha uses Bfha jf.a fjk fjku point form tflkq;a bf.k .uq'
01). wo fï l;d lrk fudfyd;g l,ska isÿ WKq wúksYaÑ; fohla mejiSug' ( Unspecified Time Before Now )




WodyrK j,ska f;areï .kak"

  • have seen that movie twenty times. uka ta Ñ;%mgh 20 mdrla ú;r n,, ;sfhkjd' 
  • I think I have met him once before. uka ys;kafka uka Tyqj óg l,ska yuq fj,d ;sfhkjd' 
  • There have been many earthquakes in California. le,sf*dakshdjg f.dvla NQñ lïmd weú;a ;shkjd lshk w¾:h'
  • People have traveled to the Moon. ñksiaiq yog .syska ;sfhkjd' 
  • People have not traveled to Mars. ñksiaiq w.yreg .syska kE wo fjk;=re lshk w¾:h' 
  • Have you read the book yet ? Thd fmd; lsfhda,d ;sfhkjo @
  • Nobody has ever climbed that mountain. lõre;a fuÉpr ldf,lg ta lkao ke.,d kE'


02). wfma w;aoelSï ms,snoj lSug fhdod .kak mq¿jka¡ iuyrla fj,djg ljodj;a w;a fkdoelmq fohla  lshkak;a fhdod .kak mq¿jka¡WodyrK j,ska f;areï .kak"

  • I have been to France. uu m%xYhg .syska ;shkjd'
  • I have been to France three times. uu m%xYhg .syska ;shkjd 3ka mdrla'
  • I have never been to France. kuu m%xYhg .syska ke'
  • I think I have seen that movie before. uu ta Ñ;%mgh óg l,ska n,, ;shkjd lsh, ug ysf;kjd'
  • He has never traveled by train. thd ljodj;a ÿïßfha .syska kE'
  • Joan has studied two foreign languages. fcdaka NdId 2la bf.k f.k ;sfhhs'
 
03). w;S;fha isg wo fjk ;=re isÿùï ud,djla úia;r lrkak;a fhdod .kak mq¿jka. ( Duration From the Past Until Now )


WodyrK j,ska f;areï.kak"
 
  • I have had a cold for two weeks. ug i;s folla ;siafia fiïm%;slaIdj ;snqKd'
  • She has been in England for six months. weh tx.,ka;fha udi 6 la bo,d ;sfhkjd'
  • Anushika has loved chocolate since she was a little girl. wkqYsld fmdäldf,a boka fpdl,Ü lkak wdihs'
Tkak wo;a wms Thd,g f.dvla ják mdvula lsh,d ÿkakd'wmf.a mdvï ud,dj Tlafldu tl ;ek ms<sfj,g n,kak ´fk wh fu;kska .syska n,kak¡

 
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